Imosques in Iran are among the unique attractions of the country, with Iranian and Islamic architectures that have been preserved from different periods. Iran’s magnificent mosques feature extraordinary tilework and distinctive architecture compared to other Islamic mosques around the world, making them one of the most attractive tourist destinations for both domestic and international travelers. In this article by Eligasht, let’s take a tour of Iran’s most beautiful and historical magnificent mosques.
Nasir ol-Mulk Mosque, Shiraz – Iranian Mosques
Nasir ol-Mulk Mosque, also known as the Pink Mosque, is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful mosques in Iran, which has gained great popularity among domestic and international tourists in recent years. This mosque is famous for its pink-colored tilework and colorful stained glass. Therefore, we recommend visiting Nasir ol-Mulk Mosque in the morning when the sunlight reflects through the colorful stained glass into the mosque, creating an unparalleled beauty that is perfect for photography.
Nasir ol-Mulk Mosque is located in the neighborhood of Goade Araban or the old neighborhood of Esfahak Beyg and is considered one of Iran’s national treasures. Mohammad Hasan-e-Memar constructed this building under the order of Mirza Hasan Khan (known as Nasir ol-Mulk) for a period of 12 years from 1876 to 1888. Nasir ol-Mulk Mosque has two iwans, the northern and southern iwans, although they do not have symmetrical designs. The stone basin and its fountains in the courtyard are also noteworthy features of the mosque, along with the beautifully decorated tiles and the seven-colored interior, which appear very stunning. If you travel to Shiraz, do not miss the opportunity to visit Nasir ol-Mulk Mosque, one of the most beautiful mosques in Iran.
Imam Mosque, Isfahan – Mosques of Iran
The city of Isfahan is known as one of the tourist cities of the country due to its magnificent buildings and unique architecture, most of which date back to the Safavid era. Located in Naqsh-e Jahan Square, Imam Mosque is one of the most beautiful mosques in Iran. Imam Mosque is famous for its blue tilework, distinctive architectural style, and beautiful dome. In addition to admiring its unique and extraordinary architecture, the mosque is also famous for its acoustic features. If you stand exactly in the middle of the mosque’s courtyard and speak loudly or stomp your foot on the ground, the sound will be echoed beautifully. The mosque’s majestic entrance portal, soaring minarets, and stunning tile work leave visitors in awe. The prayer hall, adorned with magnificent calligraphy and intricate mosaics, creates a spiritual ambiance that is both serene and awe-inspiring.
Vakil Mosque, Shiraz
Vakil Mosque in Shiraz is another magnificent mosque that was built during the Zand dynasty under the order of Karim Khan Zand. This mosque, which took about 20 years to complete, features Iranian Islamic architecture and is known as one of the most beautiful mosques in Iran. Vakil Mosque has two courtyards and 48 parallel columns. It is famous for its unique marble pulpit, which was brought from Maragheh to Shiraz and intricately carved, making it different from other mosques.
Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, Isfahan
Among the other magnificent mosques in Isfahan is Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, which was built by the order of Shah Abbas I and is located near Naqsh-e Jahan Square, facing Ali Qapu Palace. This magnificent mosque, which took about 18 years to build, belongs to the Safavid era and is recognized as a masterpiece of 11th-century architecture. Unlike other mosques, it lacks a traditional minaret or courtyard. The hidden purpose of this mosque was to serve as a private place of worship for the royal family. The interior of the mosque is a marvel of design, with the dome showcasing a stunning play of light and color.
In fact, Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque is widely known among tourists for its delicate architecture, yellow and blue decorations, and its towering height. If you stand under its dome, you will see all the intricate details and delicacy of the mosque’s design, and you will be amazed by its height.
Jameh Mosque, Yazd
Jameh Mosque of Yazd is one of the mosques in Iran known for having 52-meter minarets, making it the tallest mosque in Iran. This mosque was built during the Sassanian period and was completed over time in different eras, taking approximately 100 years to build. Jameh Mosque of Yazd is considered one of Iran’s architectural masterpieces due to its beautiful tilework, parallel arches, intricate geometric patterns, and Kufic inscriptions. This mosque exemplifies the unique architecture of the desert city, with its mud-brick walls, towering minarets, and exquisite tilework. The James Mosque of Yazd features a grand entrance portal, a beautiful courtyard, and a prayer hall adorned with intricate geometric designs. It stands as a testament to the ingenuity of Iranian architects in adapting to the harsh desert environment.
Kabud Mosque in Tabriz
Kabud Mosque, known among Azerbaijani speakers as “Göy Məscid,” is also famous by other names such as the Blue Mosque, Mozaffariyeh Mansion, and Jahan Shah Mosque. Kabud Mosque is a prominent example of Islamic architecture in Tabriz and gained its reputation as the “Turquoise of the Islamic World” due to its turquoise-colored tiles both inside and outside the building. Since Europeans associate turquoise with Iranian blue, the mosque acquired the name “Blue Mosque.” Apart from Iran, Turkey, Afghanistan, and Armenia also have blue mosques, but Kabud Mosque stands out with its extensive use of turquoise tiles. The brick architecture, Islamic geometric patterns, gold-adorned tiles, prominent designs and decorations, and Kufic and Thuluth inscriptions on the building’s facade are among the other beauties of this remarkable structure.
Agha Bozorg Mosque, Kashan
Kashan, a beautiful city known for its historical houses, is also home to Agha Bozorg Mosque, another famous tourist attraction and one of the most beautiful mosques in Iran. This mosque features brick architecture with wooden carvings, mirror work, and beautiful tilework. Visitors often sit in silence and tranquility to admire the magnificent mosque.
Shafi’i Mosque, Kermanshah – Mosques in Iran
Among the most beautiful mosques in Iran, known as the largest Sunni mosque, is the Shafi’i Mosque in Kermanshah, which was built in 1324. This magnificent mosque is located in the Kermanshah Bazaar and is built in the Turkish Islamic architectural style. Shafi’i Mosque features majestic columns, two simple golden minarets, beautiful plasterwork, walls with intricate carvings, and interior and exterior decorations in blue and gold, making it incredibly beautiful and enchanting.
Jameh Mosque of Isfahan
Jameh Mosque of Isfahan is considered one of the most famous and oldest mosques of Iran, also known as Friday Mosque. This mosque was built in 156 AH by the order of the Abbasid Caliphate, and during the Seljuk period, some changes were made to the mosque. Jameh Mosque was registered on the National Heritage and UNESCO list in 1310 and is famous for its beautiful architecture. The architecture of Jameh Mosque includes four iwans named Saheb Iwan, Ostads Iwan, Shagerd Iwan, and Darvish Iwan. It has a magnificent mihrab with unique and delicate decorations that captivate the eyes of any viewer, making it well-known among tourists.
The magnificent mosques of Iran are widely known among tourists due to their unique Iranian Islamic architecture and rich history. For this reason, in this article, we have tried to introduce several of the most beautiful mosques in Iran, which are famous among domestic and foreign tourists. Exploring the mosques of Iran is a journey that takes you through the country’s rich history, cultural heritage, and devotion to Islamic traditions. These mosques not only showcase the architectural brilliance of their respective eras but also offer visitors a glimpse into the spiritual and cultural fabric of Iran.
1- What is the significance of mosques in Iran?
Mosques hold great significance in Iran as they are not only places of worship but also serve as centers for community gatherings, education, and architectural marvels. Mosques play a vital role in Iranian culture, acting as symbols of Islamic heritage and serving as important landmarks in cities and towns throughout the country.
2- Are there any famous mosques in Iran?
Yes, Iran is home to several famous mosques that attract visitors from around the world. Some notable examples include the Masjid-i Imam in Isfahan, also known as the Imam Mosque or Shah Mosque, renowned for its intricate tile work and grand architecture. The Nasir ol-Mulk Mosque in Shiraz is another popular attraction, famous for its stunning stained glass windows that create a mesmerizing display of colorful light.
3- What architectural styles can be found in Iranian mosques?
Iranian mosques exhibit a diverse range of architectural styles, reflecting the country’s rich history and cultural influences. Traditional Iranian mosque architecture often includes elements such as domes, minarets, prayer halls, courtyards, and intricate tile work. The use of geometric patterns, calligraphy, and vibrant colors is also characteristic of Iranian mosque design.
4- Can non-Muslims visit mosques in Iran?
Yes, non-Muslims are generally welcome to visit mosques in Iran, although it is important to respect the rules and customs of the place of worship. Visitors are usually required to dress modestly, removing their shoes and covering their heads before entering. It is advisable to check with local authorities or mosque staff regarding visiting hours and any specific guidelines for non-Muslim visitors.
5- Are there any unique features or traditions associated with Iranian mosques?
Iranian mosques are known for their unique features and traditions. One notable tradition is the inclusion of a courtyard or sahn, which serves as a gathering space for worshipers and provides a tranquil atmosphere. Additionally, some Iranian mosques feature intricately designed mihrabs (prayer niches) that indicate the direction of Mecca, as well as beautiful muqarnas, which are decorative elements that adorn ceilings and arches.