Egypt is a country in North Africa that was ruled by pharaohs in ancient times at the height of its glory and power. At that time, many pyramids were built by these kings, each of which had a purpose. Their goal was to accommodate these pharaohs and keep them until the day of resurrection. After the death of the pharaoh, he was embalmed and after holding a special ceremony, he was taken to the tombs along with gold and jewels and sometimes their wives.
Ancient Egyptians believed in life after death. The life that awaited them after death was thought to be much more beautiful than the life before their death.
These tombs were inside the pyramids. it is very difficult to access these tombs today. One of these pyramids is the great pyramid of Giza, which is considered the largest pyramid. In the center of this pyramid is the tomb of Khufu, a pharaoh who ruled in the fourth period. In this article from Eligasht, we introduce you to all the wonders of the great pyramid of Giza. Stay with us!
The Great Pyramid of Giza or the Pyramid of Khufu at first glance
The Great Pyramid of Giza or Khufu’s Pyramid was built next to 2 smaller pyramids by order of Khufu, and after his death, it became his tomb. The age of this pyramid is about 2600 years before Christ and its greatness is still standing. The construction of this building lasted for 20 years and 100,000 workers worked non-stop on this building and many people were killed. The height of this pyramid is 147 meters, which has reached a height of 137 meters today due to erosion. Each side of the base of the pyramid is 230 meters long.
When you stand next to this pyramid and look at it, Its majesty and grandeur impress you and take you to the depths of history. Also, locals say that you can still feel the pain and suffering of the workers who built these pyramids.
For 3800 years, the Great Pyramid of Giza has been the tallest man-made structure and has surprised many visitors. the triple pyramids are also among the seven wonders of the world.
History of the great pyramid of Giza
According to Herodotus, Khufu is considered a cruel and tyrannical king. He had 9 sons and 15 daughters. When he became king after the death of his father, he ordered the construction of the pyramid and employed thousands of workers. These workers did not have good conditions and worked in full hardship. Many of them died within 20 years and Pharaoh did not pay the slightest attention.
After the completion of this pyramid, Khufu fell ill. A serious illness that finally killed him. After embalming him and holding the burial ceremony, he was placed in a tomb in Khufu’s pyramid along with many gold and jewels.
A look inside the great pyramid of Giza
The great pyramid of Giza consists of different parts such as the queen’s room, the large gallery, and the king’s room, each of which has a unique beauty in ancient color.
This room is located in the middle of the road from the north to the south side. Its height is between 4 and 5 meters, which is not considered very big. Today, due to the thieves who have damaged the inner building, its height has also decreased. The queen and wife of Khufu are resting in this tomb. At first, it was thought that this tomb belongs to one of Khufu’s sons, but after more research, this theory was rejected and it was found that this tomb belongs to Khufu’s wife. Meritites I and Knutsen were the wives of Khufu and it is not yet known which of them fell into eternal sleep in this tomb in the great pyramid of Giza.
The large gallery is a passage with walls covered with stone. There are writings on this wall that narrate the events of that time. By going through these writings, it is as if you are traveling in history. For years, archaeologists and Egyptologists have been working on these writings to solve unanswered mysteries.
The height of Ibn Gharizgah is about 10 to 15 meters and its width decreases in the upper part. According to archaeologists, the embalmed body of Pharaoh passed through this passage of the great pyramid of Giza.
This room is located in the northern part to the west of the great pyramid of Giza and is bigger than the queen’s room. Khufu’s tomb is located in this room and the tomb is made of granite and weighs about 400 tons. The surface of the coffin has a beautiful design and beautiful patterns can be seen on it, each of which gives a special meaning. For unknown reasons, a part of this tomb has been destroyed.
A way for tourists to enter
In the past, many robbers entered the pyramid to get gold and jewelry, which is one of the reasons for the destruction of the pyramids. The tunnel dug by the looters leads to the inner parts of the great pyramid of Giza and nowadays tourists also enter the pyramid from this part. Many traps have been used during the construction of these pyramids so that thieves cannot enter them. For this reason, most of the thieves were killed by the traps after entering the pyramid. Many believed that the reason for these events was the curse of Pharaoh.
Great Pyramid of Giza: The most unique structure ever built
Not only the Giza pyramid of Giza can be used as an example for its megalithic stone blocks and its very large size, but this structure itself is unique and is considered the only eight-sided pyramid in Egypt. According to estimates, Khufu’s pyramid has more than 2,300,000 stone blocks, each weighing between 2 and 30 tons! Of course, the weight of some of these stone blocks reaches over 50 tons!
This pyramid has a surface equal to 55 thousand square meters and the area of each side is equal to 20 square meters.
The internal temperature of this pyramid is constant and its temperature is equal to the average temperature of the earth (20 degrees Celsius).
Another interesting thing is the concavity of the four faces of the Giza pyramid; Something that cannot be found in other pyramids. Of course, this curvature is so low that it cannot be seen from the ground or a distance; Instead, this design should be viewed from above and in the right lighting conditions.
This phenomenon has been a mystery to mankind for the past several thousand years because the concave design can only be seen from above, at sunrise or sunset, and during the spring and autumn equinoxes.
the upper part and tip of the great pyramid of Giza are different from the rest of the body of this pyramid. A polished and shiny stone was used, which is still bright and different after 20 centuries.
One theory is that the ancient Egyptians polished the limestone until it became a smooth, completely white stone. This white stone reflected the light of the sun or somehow the power of the powerful gods of Egypt. The dazzling light of this pyramid tip adds to the pyramid’s grandeur and can be a strong light and projector.
Another interesting fact is that the pole star Alpha Draconis was then the only star aligned with the center of the pyramid. This star is also called the North Star. It is interesting to know that no other star has been found that is aligned with the pyramid-like Alpha Draconis.
Materials used in the great pyramid of Giza
Egyptians consider the Great Pyramid of Giza to be the greatest masterpiece of human engineering, which was built by the hands and sweat of their countrymen. They were a manifestation of the sun on earth in their time and may still have other undiscovered secrets.
The strange thing about the granite chest is that if we multiply the area of the lower part of the chest by the number 2 and multiply the result by the number 10 to the power of 8, the resulting number is the radius of the sun! The Pyramid of Giza is not only made of stone. Chemical compounds were used in the construction of the pyramid, which until today, humans are not capable of making. These compounds made the stone pyramid stronger. Therefore, it is said that the chemical compounds used in the construction of the pyramid are one of the main reasons for the constant internal temperature of 20 degrees Celsius throughout the year.
In archeology books, it is said that in the amazing pyramids of Egypt, granite stone is used, and precious metals such as gold are used in parts such as their tips. It was not surprising that the ancient Egyptians worshiped their pyramids instead of God.
Visit the great pyramid of Giza
Visiting the great pyramid of Giza will be very amazing and will be an adventure-filled trip for you. There are tours for this purpose that can take you to visit this pyramid. The price of each tour is different depending on whether it is private or the duration.
- The private tour starts from $250 per person and its duration will be 3 hours.
- Regular tours start from $150 and the duration will be 2 hours.
For a better visit, these tours operate during the day, but if you are interested in visiting at night, tours will take you to the pyramids at night, but you will not be allowed to enter inside, and you can only walk around the pyramids.
Visiting time will be from 8 am to 5 pm, and to visit at night, you need to coordinate with private tours.
The Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt is one of the last remaining seven wonders of the world. Many experts believe that even with the current human technology, such a great building cannot be erected with this precision. Historical analysis shows that this pyramid was built between 2589 and 2504 BC. There are many rumors and facts surrounding the great pyramid of Giza that have misled archaeologists, astronomers, scientists, and tourists with many questions.