Home DestinationsAsia Mahallat city: the Little Netherlands of Iran

Mahallat city: the Little Netherlands of Iran

Mahallat city

by Parastoo Sahebi
15 minutes read
Mahallat city

Let’s take a trip to Mahallat City today, one of the most beautiful cities in Iran. Mahallat is located near Tehran and is famous for being the city of flowers in Iran. Many say that this city is full of numerous attractions, but the flowers cultivated in this city have predominantly contributed to its fame. Many tourists visit the city of Mahallat in different seasons to see the flower gardens and witness these divine and legendary creations up close. We suggest that you join us at Eligasht to get to know the city of Mahallat from every aspect.

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Introduction to the city of Mahallat

Geographically, if we examine Mahallat, this city is located in the south of Tehran and is about 262 kilometers away from the capital of Iran. This city, situated in the southeastern part of Markazi Province, is bordered by Qom and Ashtian to the north, Isfahan and Golpayegan to the south, Khomein and Arak to the west, and Delijan to the east.

The city of Mahallat has very clean and pure air, and it is this clean air, absence of pollution, and favorable natural conditions that have led to the formation of flower farms throughout the city. Therefore, today, this beautiful city has become the hub of breeding ornamental flowers and flower cultivation pilots in the country and has become famous as Little Netherlands Iran.

In terms of climate, this city also has conditions that make it suitable for the cultivation of colorful flowers. The climate of Mahallat is mild and pleasant in spring, hot in summer, moderate in autumn, and finally, cold and dry in winter. In terms of topography and population distribution, this city has accommodated more than 55,000 inhabitants.

In this beautiful and flower-filled city, the water used for agriculture, industry, and drinking in the neighborhoods and other neighboring areas of this city is supplied from the springs of the Dez River in Aligudarz County.


Why this city is called “Mahallat”?

The truth of the matter is that this city has been named “Mahallat” because its different parts are composed of various neighborhoods with different cultures. This region was known as a small part of the Median Empire during ancient times in Iran.Mahallat city

From the examination of the remaining inscriptions, it is evident that this region was known as “Varkan” during the rule of the mighty Achaemenid Empire. Currently, among the ancient relics remaining in this city, we can mention the fire temple of Atashkuh. The construction period of this temple is estimated to date back to the Sassanian era based on archaeological estimates and the study of historical books.

Access to the Netherlands of Iran

Mahalat city is one of the tourist attractions of the central province of Iran. There are a few different ways to get to this city.

Air route: Although Mahalat itself does not have an airport, you can fly to Arak Airport and then travel to Mahallat by car at a distance of 100 km.

Tehran-Saveh-Arak route: From Tehran, go to Saveh by private car then to Arak, and then to Mahallat.

Tehran-Qom-Arak route: Another suggested route is the Tehran-Qom route and then Arak and Mahalat.

From Isfahan: For the travelers of Isfahan, a short trip of 210 kilometers to their neighborhoods will introduce them to the sights of this city.


Sightseeing attractions of Mahallat City

Mahallat City is one of the most attractive cities full of attractions in the central province of our country. This city hosts tourists who seek to experience peace and beauty. Some of the most popular tourist attractions in Mahallat are:


Sarcheshmeh is one of the top tourist destinations in Mahalat city. This beautiful area is located in the north of Mahalat city and attracts a large number of visitors every year. Sarcheshmeh is known as the point of connection of the springs that originate from the mountains of the region. More than ten springs from the Haftad Ghole mountain range flow here and form this region beautifully and uniquely. Mahallat city

Flower gardens and a mild climate have made this place a pleasant destination for tourists. Also, there are facilities such as parks, walking paths, and restaurants in this area, which enable visitors to enjoy the beautiful views and scenic nature of this area to the maximum. The source is a relaxing destination with a beautiful natural environment that provides a unique experience for any nature and peace lover.


Mahalat city caves

The city of Mahalat has beautiful caves, each of which has its unique charms. One of the most famous of these caves is Azad Khan Cave, which is located 10 kilometers northwest of Mahalat.

This cave is clear blue and has beautiful salt columns from its roof that give the cave a unique charm. Yeke Chah Cave, Baba Jaber, Surakh Gav, and Chal Shoghal are other caves located in this area and attract visitors to them. These caves have beautiful patterns of chalk and salt crystals that show pleasant images of the underground nature of the region. Visiting these caves will bring an unforgettable experience to those interested in the beauty of nature.


The village of flowers and ornamental plants

The Village of Flowers and Plants is one of the largest flower and plant-growing centers in Mahalat City. With more than 110 hectares of cultivated area, this village is the largest center for growing flowers and vegetables in the country. Visitors in this village can observe closely how all kinds of flowers and plants are cultivated in the Netherlands of Iran.

The green and beautiful atmosphere of the village also brings a unique experience to the visitors. Flower Village is located on Delijan Road and by traveling here, visitors can walk in a paradise of flowers and experience relaxing moments. Shahr Mahalat


The old sycamore of Mahallat

An amazing plane tree is located in the city of Mahalat, which is known as one of the natural wonders of this region. This tree, with a life of about two thousand years, has large and stout dimensions. This tree is located on Sarcheshmeh Street and has witnessed the historical changes in the region over the centuries.

Visiting this tree induces a strange and different feeling in people. Many people travel to Malahat to see this natural masterpiece. Undoubtedly, this ancient plantain tree is one of the main tourist destinations in the neighborhood and offers its charm and beauty to visitors.

Mahallat city

Khorheh village

Khorheh village is one of the historical attractions of Mahalat, whose roots go back to 4 thousand years ago. The results of archaeological research have shown that this village has a very long history. In this village, two ancient pillars belong to a palace or a temple from ancient times. Also, a river named Khorheh passes through this village, which adds to the beauty of its scenery.

The beautiful natural scenery of Khorheh village includes mountains and places suitable for walking. Visiting this historical village can be a pleasant and memorable experience for those interested in history, culture, and nature. Here, people can take a trip back in time and enjoy the beauty of the area by immersing themselves in the culture and history of the area. Khorheh village with its historical and natural attractions is a unique destination for recreation and relaxation in the embrace of nature.


Atash Mountain Fire Temple

Atesh Kouh Temple of Fire is one of the Sassanid era historical monuments near the city of Mahallat, which is also known as the “Nimvar Quadrilateral”. This fire temple includes halls and corridors that are estimated to belong to the Sassanid era. Despite some damage to a part of the building, artistic decorations from the Sassanid era can still be seen.

Atash Kouh village is the location of these historical monuments and visiting it is very attractive for those interested in architecture and culture of the Sassanid era. This place is known by archaeologists as one of the important works related to that historical period. By attending Atash Kouh Temple, people can go back to the cultural and artistic past of this era and enjoy its beauty. This fire temple depicts Sasanian history and culture significantly and can provide an exciting and informative experience for visitors.

Mahallat city

Bagherabad Bridge

The historic bridge of Bagherabad village is another ancient monument of Mahallat city. This bridge dates back to the Qajar period and was built during the Russian invasion. This bridge has been destroyed over time, but despite the damages caused to it due to floods and natural erosion, the remains of the bridge still tell of its historical period.

This ancient bridge is one of the attractions of Bagherabad village around Mahalat and has always attracted the attention of tourists and those interested in Iranian architecture. The design and structure of this bridge show an example of the art and techniques of Qajar architecture, and visiting it can provide an amazing experience to those interested in the history and culture of the region.


Nimvar Dam

Nimvar Ancient Dam is one of the historical monuments of Mahallat City located in the village of the same name. The age of this ancient dam, according to archaeological research, goes back to the Sassanid era. Due to its special engineering structure, Nimvar Dam was considered one of the most advanced water structures of its time.

Now, the beautiful nature and unique air around this ancient dam attract many tourists and history and nature enthusiasts. Visiting this historical work will be a pleasant and inspiring experience. Observing the engineering structure of the dam, along with observing the surrounding nature, can bring an unforgettable trip for the visitors.


Jamshidiye Castle

Jamshidiyeh Castle is one of the important historical monuments in Nimvar village around Mahallat city, which is very valuable from a historical and cultural point of view. This fort played an important role in protecting the people and defending the region during the attack of Afghan Azad Khan on the village.

Since then, parts of this ancient fort have remained from its powerful defensive architecture. The existence of fire fighting devices, wooden gates, and a castle hall are gifts that are very attractive for visitors to see.

Visiting this historical place will be an amazing and fascinating experience, especially for archeology enthusiasts. Understanding its defensive architecture, along with the history of the facts of that era, can give visitors a deeper look into the past and culture of this region.

Mahallat city

Tomb of Shah Qalandar

The tomb of Shah Qalandar is one of the important historical monuments of the Ilkhanid period near the city of Mahallat, which is located in the village of Anjdan. This building was built by the order of Shah Qalandar, the civilian leader of the Ismaili sect.

The unique architecture of this mausoleum with its octagonal interior and tall arches has given a special charm to this historical work. This historical building, along with the beautiful mountainous nature of the region, is one of the important tourist attractions of the area. The unique and historical architecture of Shah Qalandar’s tomb attracts many tourists.


The people of Mahallat

From a cultural perspective, the city of Mahallat, like Arak, is considered one of the most welcoming cities in Iran. The people of Mahallat speak Persian, but in the surrounding villages, you can also find Turkish, Bakhtiari, and Lori dialects.

Most of the villages around Mahallat have their local accents. The majority of the city’s residents are engaged in agriculture, flower cultivation, and working in the stone mines. Overall, the economy of Mahallat relies heavily on the stone industry. Several small factories in the city produce traditional sweets, such as halva ardeh, which is also a significant local specialty.

Other local specialties of Mahallat include herbal extracts, medicinal plants, and handicrafts such as traditional rugs (gilim). In general, the people of Mahallat have established small businesses in various fields, such as flower and plant cultivation, clothing production, and transportation services.


Local Traditions and Festivals

Mahallat is a city deeply rooted in its traditions and cultural heritage. The locals take great pride in preserving their customs and celebrating their identity. One of the most significant festivals in Mahalat is the Rose Water Festival, held annually in May. During this vibrant celebration, locals gather to harvest roses and produce rose water, an essential ingredient in Persian cuisine and traditional medicine. The festival is a feast for the senses, with colorful parades, music, dance, and the intoxicating aroma of roses filling the air.

Mahallat city

Mahallat, the little Netherlands of Iran

In addition to visiting the historical and natural sites of the city, there are other recreational activities you can enjoy in Mahallat. You can visit the observatory of the city located in the Islamic Azad University complex and the Student Research Center. You can also visit the horse riding track, which is one of the largest equestrian tracks in the Central Province, and explore the several horse stables and equestrian training centers in Mahallat. Finally, it should be mentioned that Mahallat, as emphasized throughout this text, is a beautiful and flower-filled city. It is often referred to as the little Netherlands of Iran and hosts various festivals, especially during the spring season, focusing on flowers and plants. These festivals attract many visitors from all over Iran and even neighboring countries who come to admire the beautiful flowers.


Final words

Mahallat is a city that captivates the senses with its natural beauty, rich history, and warm hospitality. From exploring the lush gardens and majestic mountains to immersing oneself in the local traditions and savoring the culinary delights, Mahallat offers a truly enchanting experience. Whether you are a nature lover, history enthusiast, or food connoisseur, Mahalat has something to offer for everyone.



  1. How can I reach Mahalat?

Mahalat is located in the Markazi Province of Iran, approximately 100 kilometers away from the city of Arak. The most convenient way to reach Mahalat is by road. You can hire a taxi or take a bus from Arak to Mahalat, enjoying the scenic journey through the Iranian countryside.

  1. What are the best times to visit Mahalat?

Mahalat can be visited throughout the year, each season offering a unique experience. Spring and summer are particularly beautiful, with blooming flowers and vibrant green landscapes. The Rose Water Festival in May is a highlight of the spring season. Autumn is also a great time to visit, as the foliage turns into a kaleidoscope of colors. Winter brings a different charm, with snow-capped mountains and cozy winter activities.


  1. What attractions can be seen in the neighborhoods?

Among the attractions of the neighborhoods, we can mention Sarchesheme, Haftkhan Caves, Flowers and Ornamental Plants Village, Old Sycamore, Khorhe Village, Atash Kouh Fire Temple, Baqerabad Bridge, Nimvar Dam, Jamshidiyeh Castle and Shah Qalandar Mausoleum.


  1. What souvenirs can be bought from the localities?

Among the famous souvenirs of Mahalat, we can mention the local Arde halvah, medicinal plants and herbal extracts, honey, round bread, and handicrafts such as carpet weaving.


  1. What foods can be tried in the neighborhoods?

Among the famous dishes of Mahalat, we can mention sour soup, Ash-e Doogh, eggplant curd and dizi.

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