Home Travel Guides Hawraman Kurdistan is registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site

Hawraman Kurdistan is registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site

Hawraman Kurdistan

by Parastoo Sahebi
9 minutes read
Kurdistan Travel Guide

Uramanat or Hawraman is a beautiful and historical region in western Iran, with a part of it also located in Iraq. This region encompasses various cities in the provinces of Kermanshah and Kurdistan. Uraman Takht is the name of a village that is considered the center of this area. The village is divided into three parts, each with its attractions. This region is currently being considered for UNESCO World Heritage Site status due to its cultural and historical value.


Global Registration of Hawraman Kurdistan


On July 28, 2021, Hawraman was globally registered as one of the most beautiful and unique natural attractions in Iran. Every year, one work from Iran is globally registered at UNESCO, but in 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, this ceremony was not held, so in the 2021 year both the “Trans-Iranian Railway” and “Hawraman Takht” were globally registered. The global registration of a historical or natural attraction contributes to the growth and development of tourism in that region. Therefore, the global registration of Hawraman presents a bright future for preserving this attraction and developing tourism in the region.

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The global registration of Hawraman Kurdistan as the twenty-sixth Iranian World Heritage Site is one of the most important news in Iran’s tourism industry.  According to Pouya Taleb Nia, extensive research has been conducted on the global registration of Hawraman Kurdistan, and due to the extensive area and scope of the global registration dossier of this remarkable attraction in Kurdistan, the expert evaluation process at ICOMOS and the World Heritage Committee is significant.

the global registration of Hawraman can create a suitable platform for the growth and development of tourism in the region and Kurdistan, providing a bright prospect for the tourism industry in this province. With the global registration of Hawraman in UNESCO, new laws will also be enacted to protect the cultural and historical values of this region, helping to preserve this remarkable attraction in Kurdistan as much as possible.


Where is Hawraman?


Hawraman is the name of a tourist area located in the Hawraman district of Sarvabad County in western Kurdistan province, which attracts many adventurous tourists every year. It is bordered by Iraq to the west and Kermanshah province to the south, and it is connected to Marivan via a 75-kilometer road.

Hawraman Takht, with its beautiful and spectacular road, picturesque plains, and winding paths, is a shared attraction between Iran and Iraq. It has two famous springs named Sirvan and Lileh, which meet each other in a place called Doreleh. The houses in Hawraman are generally made of stone and built in a stepped and dry stone style, which is why it is also called the “Village of a Thousand Stairs.” The Hawraman region is divided into two parts, with a small part in Halabja, Iraq, and a larger part in Kurdistan and Kermanshah, Iran.

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Getting to Hawraman


If you intend to travel to Hawraman from Tehran, you can reach Sarvabad and Hawraman Takht after a 660-kilometer journey and pass through the cities of Saveh, Hamedan, and Sanandaj. You can also travel to Kurdistan province by buying a flight ticket to Sanandaj and visiting this beautiful and remarkable attraction from there.


Address: Hawraman Takht, southeastern Mariwan, Kurdistan, Iran.

What does “Hawramanat” mean?


Another name for Hawramanat is “Hawraman,” and the local people refer to it as “Heh Hawraman.” The name of the Hawramanat or Hawraman region is composed of two parts: “Hora” and “Man.” The first part, “Hora” or “Ahura,” refers to Ahura Mazda, and the second part, “Man,” means house. When these two parts are combined, we get the word “Ahuraman,” which means the house of Ahura or the house of the sun.

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Hawraman is one of the oldest regions in Iran. According to the latest research by explorers, the history of this region dates back 6,000 years and belongs to the Copper Age. The presence of a valuable Assyrian inscription in Hawramanat is strong evidence of the ancient nature of this region. The people of Hawramanat believe that this region was once one of the important centers of governance in Iran, and they say that for this reason, this area is called “Takht-e Hawraman” or “Hawraman Takht” (the Throne of Hawraman). In Hawraman, there are various customs, ancient names, and interesting ceremonies, all of which can be considered evidence of the antiquity of this region. However, there is still no clear evidence indicating the antiquity of this area during the Sasanian period.


What is the architecture like in the village of Hawramanat?


One of the main reasons for the popularity of the village of Hawraman among tourists is its unique and stepped architecture. This type of architecture has resulted in the village taking the shape of a pyramid, with the ancient Hawraman Castle located at the top of this pyramid. The stepped architecture of this village is such that the roof of each house serves as the courtyard of the upper house, and this style of housing has earned the village the nickname “Village of a Thousand Stairs.” The global registration of Hawramanat indicates that special measures have been taken to preserve this area, ensuring the well-being of this valuable and remarkable attraction in Kurdistan in the years to come.

best time to visit Uramanat

The best time to visit Uramanat and its attractions, including Uraman Takht, is during the spring season. The month of Ordibehesht (April-May) is a suitable option for exploring this historical village and its pristine landscapes. You can also combine your visit with a trip to Sanandaj during this month and create beautiful memories of spring.


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Attractions of Hawramanat


Hawramanat, also known as Uramanat, is blessed with pristine and breathtaking nature, surrounded by lush green rivers and tall mountains. The villages of Uramanat showcase a glimpse of Kurdish civilization with their unique and traditional architecture. Some of these villages have a history of over 40,000 years and ancient artifacts like Zoroastrian fire temples have been discovered in them. Uraman Takht is one of the most famous villages in Uramanat, known for its terraced layout and stone-wood houses, which attract tourists greatly.


The culture and traditions of the people in Hawramanat are another aspect of the beauty of this region. The celebrations of Pir Shaliar, Kamasai, music, dance, clothing, food, and handicrafts represent their identity and cultural diversity. Some of the notable attractions in Hawramanat include:


– Sangin Mosque: An ancient mosque built in the heart of the mountains.

– Pir Shaliar Mausoleum: The location of the Pir Shaliar celebration and the wooden tent-shaped mausoleum.

– Uraman Castle: A historical castle constructed during the Safavid era.

– Bel Spring: A natural and abundant spring associated with the Babylonian god.

– Hajiij Village: A beautiful and traditional village located alongside the Sirvan River.


These attractions showcase the rich cultural heritage and natural beauty of Uramanat, making it a captivating destination for visitors.


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Final words


To conclude, Uramanat, also referred to as Hawramanat, is a strikingly beautiful and historically significant region located in the western part of Iran. Its exceptional villages, awe-inspiring landscapes, and cultural legacy provide visitors with an immersive and unforgettable experience.

From the terraced village of Uraman Takht to the ancient Sangin Mosque and the enchanting Hajiij Village, this region is filled with remarkable attractions that showcase the architectural marvels and traditional way of life. The celebrations of Pir Shaliar, Kamasai, and the vibrant cultural traditions add an extra layer of charm to the Uramanat experience.

Whether you explore the lush greenery, delve into ancient history, or immerse yourself in the local customs and traditions, Uramanat promises an unforgettable journey. The fact that the region is registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site is proof of its exceptional cultural and historical significance.










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