Poetry and poets hold a prominent place among Iranians. Iranian poets have long been known for their eloquent verses, captivating people around the world. Persian literature is one of the richest literary traditions globally, with poets throughout the centuries producing some of the most exquisite works of humanity. It must be acknowledged that the greatest orators of Persian poetry and literature have emerged from this land. They have nurtured lofty thoughts, sublime ideas, and passionate emotions, which have blossomed in Persian poetry and enriched the world with the fruits of their souls.
The land of Iran, as the cradle of poets, has given birth to numerous literary figures. Each of them possesses a unique talent and mastery of a particular style of poetry. Some excel in ghazals or qasidas, while others in composing epic poetry. They have been the prodigies of their time. The beauty of Persian poetry is such that it has been translated into other languages and has garnered a multitude of admirers. Iranian poets are highly revered among the people, and magnificent mausoleums have been built to commemorate them. Their names are spoken with kindness and respect across languages. In this article from Eligasht, we aim to introduce the tombs of some great Iranian poets. Join us on a journey flavored with poetry and poetic artistry, alongside the mausoleums of these esteemed Iranian poets awaiting our arrival.
1- Iranian Poets | Hafez Shirazi
Khajeh Shams-od-Din Muhammad, known as Hafez, is a familiar name among people worldwide. His poems evoke bitter and sweet memories for every individual.
The mausoleum of this great poet is the cradle of poetry and literature in Shiraz. It is one of the tourism hotspots in the city. No one can visit Shiraz and forget Hafez. Hafez’s tomb is located in the northeastern part of the city, surrounded by many other attractions. Exploring Hafez’s mausoleum is one of the most enjoyable experiences of traveling to Shiraz. This adventure is accompanied by the spirit of poetry and poetic artistry, and with each step you take in this complex, you will feel the enchanting essence of Hafez’s verses accompanying you.
The allure of Hafeziyeh in Shiraz goes beyond the significance of the person laid to rest within. It lies in the Iranian architectural artistry, the lushness and serenity of the garden. Strolling through the beautifully landscaped gardens surrounding the mausoleum, with its majestic, tall trees and vibrant, colorful flowers, provides an indescribable pleasure. The artistic designs and delicate details acquaint you with the art of Iranian architecture. The mausoleum of this melodious Iranian poet captivates you with its domes, spacious courtyards, and towering columns. Immerse yourself in the mystical world of Hafez’s poetry in this place and be sure to seek his guidance and become absorbed in moments of mysticism.
2- Iranian Poets | The Tomb of Saadi
Saadi is one of the famous and prominent poets of Iran. When traveling to Shiraz, your first gaze might be towards the Hafezieh, but you shouldn’t overlook the beautiful tomb of Saadi.
The unique atmosphere of Saadi’s mausoleum is captivating for every tourist with any particular taste. This beautiful structure, combining ancient and modern architecture, towering columns, and turquoise tiles, captivates the heart of every viewer. You can find a peaceful corner there and get lost in admiration for this magnificent building and the prominent verses of this eloquent poet for hours.
Saadi’s tombstone is located in the center of an octagonal building. Initially, it was the residence of this great poet. Its ceiling is adorned with turquoise tiles, showcasing an interesting and beautiful display of architectural artistry. On each side of the building, seven inscriptions are installed, featuring excerpts from “Golestan” and “Bustan,” as well as other works by the Sheikh, written in the hand of “Ibrahim Bouzari.” Another inscription by “Ali Asghar Hekmat” is placed on the tombstone of the Sheikh. Around this mausoleum, you can see works and samples of the poems of this great Iranian poet.
3- Iranian Poets | The Tomb of Nima Youshij
Let’s go to Mazandaran, to the village of Yoush, a beautiful village full of the scent and color of poetry and literature. This great Iranian poet is from the village of Basafa in Yoush. This house is one of the most visited places in the village of Yoush. Every year, many tourists from different places come to this village to enjoy the beautiful nature of Basafa and spend some time visiting the mausoleum of this great Iranian poet. This house was designed during the Qajar period and has its own special beauty. The plasterwork used in this historical building has a unique and distinctive beauty.
4- Iranian Poets | The Tomb of Khayyam
Khayyam Neyshaburi, the poet, astronomer, mathematician, and great philosopher, has left important works in various fields as his legacy. The tomb of this great Iranian poet is located in Neyshabur. Every year, both domestic and foreign tourists visit this remarkable mausoleum. This mausoleum is situated in the southeast of Neyshabur city at the end of Khayyam Street. The Khayyam complex includes a specialized museum dedicated to this poet and the mausoleum.
The Khayyam garden covers an area of 20,000 square meters, and the length of Khayyam’s tomb is 18 meters. It is surrounded by evergreen pine trees as if they have embraced it to protect it from cold and heat. Perhaps they have grown tall to guard this mausoleum and spend their days beside it. The structure of Nima’s mausoleum is made of iron and stone, and it is a tall domed structure with ten pillars. The construction of this mausoleum is highly interesting and attractive. Its pillars are connected with large and small geometric and almond-shaped motifs. Around the pillars of the dome, there are pyramids made of large stones and stone fountains with tile work. All of these elements together make this mausoleum even more beautiful. When you travel to Neyshabur, make sure to visit the mausoleum of Khayyam before anything else.
5- Tomb of Ferdowsi in Tus
The Tomb of Ferdowsi in Tus, Iran, is a significant cultural and historical site dedicated to the renowned Persian poet, Ferdowsi. Located in the northeastern province of Khorasan Razavi, the tomb holds great importance for Iranians and serves as a symbol of national pride and literary heritage.
Ferdowsi, often referred to as the “Homer of Persia,” is best known for his epic work, the Shahnameh (Book of Kings). Composed over several decades in the 10th and 11th centuries, the Shahnameh is an extensive poetic masterpiece that chronicles the mythical and historical legends of Iran, preserving the country’s cultural identity.
The Tomb of Ferdowsi was constructed in the early 1930s, as a tribute to the poet’s contributions. It is situated in a serene garden complex, providing visitors with a peaceful and contemplative atmosphere. The architecture of the tomb reflects elements of Persian art and design, with its intricate tilework, calligraphy, and dome-shaped structure.
6- Sohrab Sepehri tomb in Mashhad Ardehal
A great poet from Kashan, yes, you’re right, Sohrab Sepehri, a great Iranian poet whose famous poem “Don’t Turn Water into a Flower” shines in the mind of every Iranian and lover of poetry and literature.
The tomb of this great poet is located in the courtyard of Imamzadeh Sultan Ali ibn Mohammad Baqer in the village of Mashhad Ardehal (located 42 kilometers west of Kashan).
Although the tomb of this Iranian poet, writer, and painter has been neglected nowadays, it is a very simple tomb. Nevertheless, his admirers endure the hardships and difficulties of the journey and make their way to visit his grave from different parts, bringing themselves there.
7- The tomb of the renowned Iranian poet, Parvin Etesami
We start our journey towards Qom, intending to visit the shrine of Hazrat Masoumeh, and then we want to visit the tomb of the renowned Iranian singer, Parvin Etesami. In the northern corner of the courtyard of Imam Reza, you can visit the tomb of this Iranian lady.
8- Tomb of Forough Farrokhzad in Tehran
Located in the capital city of Tehran, the tomb of Forough Farrokhzad is dedicated to one of Iran’s most prominent female poets of the 20th century. Farrokhzad’s poetry, characterized by its raw emotion and feminist themes, challenged societal norms and pushed boundaries. Her tomb serves as a memorial to her artistic bravery and her lasting impact on Iranian literature.
9- Baba Taher’s Tomb
Let’s go to Hamedan, a beautiful city full of attractions, where it houses Baba Taher’s tomb. This tomb is well-known among everyone both in terms of architecture and historical background.
The foundation of Baba Taher’s tomb and the surrounding garden spans approximately 9,000 square meters, creating a beautiful garden that has turned the surroundings of the tomb into an unparalleled paradise. The tomb of this great poet is a 10 by 10 square piece surrounded by inscriptions. Baba Taher’s tomb is located on an octagonal base, and the height of this base from the street level is 25 meters. The ceiling of Baba Taher’s tomb is adorned with beautiful and unique tilework. The intricate tiles have given a special beauty to the tomb of this prominent Iranian poet. The octagonal columns, the gravestone, and the stairs of this great Iranian poet’s tomb are made of granite. The exterior facade of the building is made of high-quality stone. On these facades, there are beautiful inscriptions that attract the attention of every viewer. Every year, the tomb of this great poet hosts artists and poets from various parts of the world.
Iran is a beautiful land, rich in cultured individuals in all fields and sciences. The intellectuals of this prosperous land are not limited to poets alone. In every corner of this vast country, you can witness exceptional brilliance in various fields. It is worth mentioning that since the topic of our discussion is the introduction of the tombs of great Iranian poets, it is impossible to include the names of all the poets within the scope of this article. We have limited ourselves to mentioning the names of a few of these great figures.
Eli Gasht has endeavored to provide an opportunity for scholars, literary figures, and poetry enthusiasts to visit the tombs of these Iranian luminaries and pay their respects to these treasures of the Iranian land. By traveling to these places, in addition to enjoying nature and witnessing the beautiful customs and traditions of the cities, you can define the history of Iranian knowledge and literature for future generations. While traveling with Eli Gasht, you can record various and unique experiences in the pages of your memories and create unforgettable memories for your companions.
1.Where are some famous tombs of Iranian poets located?
Some famous tombs of Iranian poets are located in different parts of Iran. For example, the tomb of Sohrab Sepehri is in Mashhad Ardehal, the tomb of Parvin Etesami is in Qom, and the tomb of Baba Taher is in Hamedan.
2.What is the significance of visiting the tombs of Iranian poets?
Visiting the tombs of Iranian poets holds cultural and literary significance. It allows individuals to pay tribute to these great poets, learn about their contributions to Iranian literature, and gain inspiration from their works. It also provides an opportunity to connect with the rich literary heritage of Iran.
3.Are these tombs popular tourist attractions in Iran?
Yes, the tombs of Iranian poets are popular tourist attractions, both for Iranians and international visitors. Many poetry enthusiasts, scholars, and literature lovers make a point to visit these tombs to pay their respects and immerse themselves in the poetic atmosphere associated with these renowned figures.
4.Are there any events or ceremonies held at these tombs?
Various events and ceremonies are held at the tombs of Iranian poets throughout the year. These can include poetry readings, music performances, festivals, and cultural gatherings. These events celebrate the legacy of the poets and provide a platform for artists and enthusiasts to come together and pay tribute to their work.