Home Travel Guides Where is Deylaman Village? How can we get there?

Where is Deylaman Village? How can we get there?

by Parastoo Sahebi
13 minutes read
Deylaman Village

Iran has a rich and glorious history that attracts tourists from all over the world. However, you can find a combination of beautiful nature and ancient history in the small paradise of Gilan, known as Deylaman Village. This area, located in Gilan province, is one of the most touristy and picturesque regions in the north of the country. If you want to learn more about this beautiful and pleasant mountainous region, stay with Eligasht in this article.

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Introduction to Deylaman Village

This Village, also known as the small paradise of Gilan, is located in Gilan province, 46 kilometers south of Siahkal city and 15 kilometers from Lahijan. Deylaman is also considered one of the highest-altitude meadows in Iran, with an elevation of over 2,000 meters.

this place is the most beautiful meadow in eastern Gilan and one of the most pristine and picturesque areas in the lush northern region of the country. This region is famous for its mountainous climate, numerous springs, green landscapes, and snow-covered peaks. It is worth mentioning that Deylaman consists of two parts, Pirkouh and Deylaman Village, which extend from the north to the Alborz mountain range and from the east to the Dervak peak.

However, this magnificent mountainous region is not only famous for its stunning nature but also has a historical background that has turned it into one of the most touristy regions in Iran. The people of Deylaman Village include various Iranian ethnic groups, such as Gilaks, Taleshis, Kurds, and Azerbaijanis.


History of Deylaman Village

It is worth mentioning that in historical records, including the Shahnameh by Ferdowsi, it is mentioned that the first cave dwellers, who later discovered fire and metal weapons, lived at the foot of the Alborz Mountains and in the city of Deylaman Village. Moreover, the discovered artifacts of cave dwellers, including copper, bronze, and pottery utensils, indicate that life existed in this area 2,000 years before the birth of Christ.

Furthermore, a cylindrical seal has been found in one of the cemeteries of Deylaman, dating back to 5,000 years before Christ. On the other hand, it should be noted that there was a group of people called Deylam in Deylaman Village who lived there 2,000 years before Christ. According to historical documents, this region was called Deylamestan during the Sassanian period. However, the exact antiquity of the existence of this tribe in the region is not clear.


Deylaman Village and Deylamians

Deylamians were Zoroastrians until the arrival of Islam in Iran, and even in its early days. The first Muslims who entered Deylaman Village were Alawites. Due to their opposition to the Abbasid rulers, they sought refuge in this region, and with their arrival, the Deylamians became Shia Muslims.

Deylaman Village is also the birthplace of one of the most powerful dynasties in Iran, the Deylamians. Deylaman Village was considered one of the most important places to shelter the opponents of the Abbasid dynasty. The Deylamians succeeded in resisting the Abbasids, defeated them, and even occupied parts of Iraq.Deylaman Village

However, the Alavids were eventually defeated by the Seljuks. Then, a man named Ali ibn Buya, a Deylamian descendant tried to revive the name of Deylamians and their traditions. Although he could never expand his power and authority to the extent of the previous dynasty, with the help of his three sons Ahmad, Ali, and Hassan, he partially expanded and promoted the Shia sect.

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Reason for Naming Deylaman

You might be curious to know why the village of Deylaman Village is called by this name. Interestingly, in the Gilaki language, Deylaman Village is pronounced as “Dilmon.” Some believe that this name is a combination of three words: “Dil,” “Am,” and “An.” The word “Deyl” refers to a local term for a place where livestock is kept. “Am” indicates the high altitude of the area, and “An” is a locational suffix. Based on these descriptions, Deylaman Village can be understood as a high-altitude place where livestock is raised. Considering that Deylaman Village has been used for livestock grazing from the past until today, this naming aspect seems plausible.

However, some also believe that the name Deylaman Village is formed from two words: “Deyl” and “Lam.” “Deyl” means “between” or “inside,” and “Lam” means “lush” or “forest.” Altogether, Deylaman Village can be interpreted as the heart of the forest. Again, due to the geographical location of Deylaman, this naming aspect is also probable.


Introduction to the Climate of Deylaman Village

One of the aspects that must be mentioned when talking about Deylaman Village is its climate. Deylaman is a very cool and mountainous meadow, and the best seasons to visit are spring and summer.

During spring, especially in April and May, it receives rainfall, but the weather is exceptional. Rainfall decreases in the summer months, and the weather becomes warm in June and July. However, with the beginning of September, the weather cools down again.

In the second half of the year, rainfall starts in the village of Deylaman Village, and the temperature decreases. The exceptional autumnal nature of this region is highly worth seeing during this season. In winter, Deylaman becomes mountainous, snowy, and very cold. Overall, it can be said that the weather in this area can get cold even in summer, so considering your tolerance for cold, it is advisable to plan your trip accordingly. However, our recommendation is to visit in spring.Deylaman Village

Species of animals, Deylaman’s highland, and hunting-prohibited area

One of the interesting points about the village of Deylaman is the presence of various species of animals such as leopards, wildcats, foxes, deer, brown bears, otters, and other types of animals in this area.

What’s even more interesting is that tourists can see this area and its animals without any restrictions. However, it is important to note that hunting is prohibited in this area, and no hunter can engage in hunting there.


Introduction to tourist attractions in Deylaman’s highland

Before visiting any tourist area, we like to familiarize ourselves with its various tourist attractions so that we can plan our trip better. Deylaman’s highland has various tourist attractions, which we have divided into natural and historical sights for your convenience, and we will briefly introduce them below.


Natural attractions

There are numerous natural attractions in the village of Deylaman, and if you are a nature lover, you shouldn’t miss visiting them. Here, we will introduce some of these attractions.


Shaghayegh Meadow

One of the best parts of Deylaman’s highland is a lush and beautiful meadow filled with red poppy flowers. This vibrant and captivating meadow is located 6 kilometers east of Deylaman. Visiting this poppy meadow will be an exceptional experience for any nature-loving tourist. It is worth mentioning that the best time to visit this poppy meadow is in spring, especially during the month of Khordad (May-June), when the flowers bloom and their fragrance intoxicates you.

Deylaman Village

Dorfak Mountain and its caves

Dorfak Mountain is another natural attraction in the region of the village of Deylaman. It is a beautiful snow-covered mountain that creates a stunning landscape in this area. This mountain, classified among volcanic mountains, has two famous caves. One of these caves is called the Ice Cave, which is like a natural refrigerator located in the heart of Deylaman and its ice serves as a source of drinking water for the village. Next to this cave, there is another cave called Nochah, which is considered sacred by the locals due to the burial of four holy individuals inside. Although not much remains of this cave today.


Lounak Waterfall

One of the most picturesque parts of Deylaman’s highland is Lounak Waterfall. This waterfall is located in a beautiful area, 22 kilometers south of Siahkal, on the right side of the road. Due to its location among different trees of the forest, it has a special atmosphere and is a suitable place for temporary accommodation, picnicking, and camping. Additionally, above the waterfall, there is a lush green forest with the best recreational facilities for the leisure and wandering of travelers.


Sousan Chelcheraq Plain

Sousan Chelcheraq Plain is another attraction in the region of the village of Deylaman and is located on the way from Deylaman to Damash village. It is an exceptional place for nature exploration. The landscape of this plain resembles postcard images! It should be noted that Sousan Chelcheraq is one of the rarest types of flowers in the world and is even recognized as a symbol of Iran.


Historical attractions

As we mentioned, the village of Deylaman is a historical area and has many historical attractions. Here, we will mention some of them.


Deylaman Bathhouse

One of the historical attractions of the village of Deylaman is Deylaman Bathhouse. This bathhouse has several domes with skylights used for illuminating the interior. The age of this bathhouse dates back to the Ilkhanate period. The first person to discover and restore the bathhouse after that period was a person named Mirza Ali Mirblok, it is also called Mirblok Bathhouse. This bathhouse was later restored by the Cultural Heritage Organization and is listed as a cultural heritage site.

This bathhouse is also known as the Deylaman Ethnographic Museum because it now serves as a museum-like facility.

Deylaman Village

Titi Caravanserai

Titi Caravanserai is another historical attraction in the highland of Deylaman, located 15 kilometers on the road from Deylaman to Siahkal. This caravanserai served as a temporary residence and a resting place for people traveling between the regions of Deylaman and Siahkal. It is worth mentioning that “Titi” means “blossom” in the local Deylami language, and the reason for naming it is attributed to a woman named Titi Khanum from the Safavid dynasty who founded this caravanserai.


Garmavar Tower and Castle

Garmavar Tower and Castle are among the other historical relics of the village of Deylaman, dating back to pre-Islamic times. This structure is the remains of a large castle, of which only a watchtower is visible today. The tower is located on a high hill to have a complete view of the area. It is worth mentioning that the defense of the castle against enemy attacks was crucial during that time. Sometimes, the local people sought refuge in the castles to escape enemy invasions. Garmavar Castle was registered as a national heritage site in 1380 (Solar Hijri calendar).


Kuti Castle

Another historical attraction in the highland of Deylaman is Kuti Castle, known as the oldest structure among the ancient relics of Deylaman. “Kuti” means “hill” in the Deylami language, and the reason for naming it is the existence of villages built as fortresses on hills. It is worth mentioning that researchers have found many similarities between Kuti Castle and historical sites in Japan. This area is located 6 kilometers east of Deylaman.


How do we get to the village of Deylaman?

If you intend to go to the village of Deylaman, you should know that this area lacks a railway station or airport, and you can only reach this beautiful and exceptional region by road. Two routes can take you to Deylaman.

The first route starts from the Qazvin-Rasht highway. On this road, you need to pass through the villages of Rostamabad, Sands, Hajideh, and the protected area of Siahrood to reach the large and verdant highland. By continuing on this route, you will pass through Asibar and reach Deylaman.

The second route, which is more popular among tourists, starts from the rice fields and forests of Siahkal. To enter this road, you should drive from the city of Rasht towards Lahijan. On the Lahijan road, enter the beautiful and forested 15-kilometer road to Siahkal. Then, from there, travel 45 kilometers towards the highland area of Deylaman to reach the Deylaman village.

Deylaman Village

Final words

Deylaman Highland, also known as the village of Deylaman, is one of the highest, most scenic, pleasant, and greenest areas in the northern part of our country. This region in Gilan province has numerous tourist attractions and has a prehistoric history.

Among the natural attractions of this highland, we can mention Shaghayegh Plain, Dorfak Mountain, Lounak Waterfall, and Sosan Chelcheraq Plain. As for the historical sights in this area, we should mention Deylaman Bath, Titi Caravanserai, Garmavar Tower and Castle, and Kuti Castle. If you are interested in visiting the scenic and pleasant areas of the northern region, do not miss visiting this area.



  1. What are the main attractions of Deylaman Village?

Deylaman Village offers a range of attractions, including picturesque landscapes, natural wonders such as Shaghayegh Plain and Lounak Waterfall, historical sites like Garmavar Tower and Castle, and cultural landmarks like Titi Caravanserai.


  1. How can I reach Deylaman Village?

Deylaman Village is accessible by road. There are two main routes: one starting from the Qazvin-Rasht highway, passing through Rostamabad, Sands, Hajideh, and Siahrood, and another route starting from Siahkal, passing through Lahijan and Siahkal Forests.


  1. What is the best time to visit Deylaman Village?

The best time to visit Deylaman Village is during the spring and summer seasons when the weather is pleasant and the landscapes are vibrant and green. It is advisable to check the local weather conditions before planning your trip.


  1. Are there any hiking or outdoor activities in Deylaman Village?

Yes, Deylaman Village offers excellent opportunities for hiking and outdoor activities. You can explore the surrounding mountains, forests, and plains, go on nature walks, enjoy picnics, and immerse yourself in the serene and picturesque environment. It is essential to follow safety guidelines and obtain any necessary permits for specific activities.

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