Home Travel Guides Shalmash Waterfall in Sardasht: A Pristine Area to Escape the Summer Heat

Shalmash Waterfall in Sardasht: A Pristine Area to Escape the Summer Heat

by Parastoo Sahebi
11 minutes read
Shalmash Waterfall

Shalmash Waterfall is one of the most beautiful and scenic waterfalls in Iran, located in West Azerbaijan Province. Situated near the city of Sardasht, this waterfall is recognized as one of the tallest and most water-abundant waterfalls in Iran. In this guide from Eligasht Travel Magazine, we will provide a complete introduction to this natural attraction. Join us.

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Geographical Location of Shalmash Waterfall

Shalmash Waterfall is located 15 kilometers from the city of Sardasht, in the Bask Koloseh district. This waterfall is situated in the central part of Sardasht County, near the village of Shalmash. The name “Shalmash” is derived from the Kurdish language, where “Shal” means rock and “Mash” means big. This name was given due to the presence of large rocks in the area.


Characteristics of the Waterfall

Shalmash Waterfall consists of three consecutive waterfalls. The tallest tier of this waterfall is about 30 meters high, while the other two tiers are each about 10 meters high. The waterfall originates from the Zab River and is in its most water-abundant state during the spring and summer seasons.


Natural Beauty of Shalmash Waterfall

Shalmash Waterfall, surrounded by pristine and lush nature, showcases one of the most beautiful natural landscapes in Iran. The sound of the waterfall and the surrounding scenic views provide a special tranquility to visitors. Pomegranate, oak, walnut, and plane trees grow around this waterfall, creating beautiful and pleasant landscapes.


History and Naming

There are two theories regarding the naming of this waterfall. The first theory suggests that the name “Shalmash” is derived from the Kurdish language, where “Shal” means rock and “Mash” means big. The second theory points to the ancient Shalmashi tribes who lived in this area, and due to the historical artifacts and remnants of this tribe, the name Shalmash was given to this waterfall.


Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit Shalmash Waterfall is during the spring and summer seasons. In these two seasons, the waterfall is at its most water-abundant state, and the weather in the area is very pleasant and cool. In spring, the surrounding nature of the waterfall is at its most beautiful, allowing tourists to enjoy pristine and scenic views.

Shalmash Waterfall

Access Route to Shalmash Waterfall

To reach Shalmash Waterfall, you must first travel to Sardasht in West Azerbaijan Province. From Sardasht, head towards the villages of Maraghan and Shalmash. The access route to the waterfall is via an asphalt road, with guide signs along the way. After parking your vehicle, a short walk through pomegranate, oak, walnut, and plane trees will lead you to the waterfall.


Facilities and Services

In recent years, numerous facilities and services have been provided around Shalmash Waterfall for the comfort of tourists. These include stairs and ladders installed for safe access to the other two waterfalls. Additionally, there are accommodation and recreational facilities near the waterfall that visitors can use.


Experience of Visiting Shalmash Waterfall

Visiting Shalmash Waterfall is an unforgettable experience. The pleasant sound of the waterfall, pristine and scenic views, and the pleasant weather of the area all combine to bring relaxing and enjoyable moments to visitors. If you plan to visit this waterfall, be sure to bring your camera to capture the beautiful moments and views.


Tourist Attractions Around Shalmash Waterfall

In addition to Shalmash Waterfall, there are other scenic areas around Sardasht that you can visit:

Zarivar Lake: One of the largest freshwater lakes in Iran, located near the city of Marivan.

Quri Qaleh Cave: One of the largest water caves in Iran, located in Kermanshah Province.

Historic Sardasht Castle Bridge: An old and historic bridge over the Zab River, considered a tourist attraction in the region.

Sardasht Border Market: Visiting this marketplace can be an exciting experience of buying local products and getting to know the culture of the local people.Shalmash Waterfall

Cultural and Historical Significance

Shalmash Waterfall holds importance not only as a natural attraction but also as a part of the cultural and historical heritage of the region. The presence of historical remnants and ancient artifacts around the waterfall indicates the life and activities of early humans in this area. Additionally, Shalmash Waterfall is registered on the list of Iran’s national natural heritage, highlighting its significant value and importance.


Positive Impacts of Visiting Shalmash Waterfall

Visiting Shalmash Waterfall and its pristine surrounding nature has positive effects on both the mind and body. Research has shown that spending time in nature can reduce stress, improve mood, and contribute to better physical and mental health. The soothing sound of the waterfall and the beautiful scenery provide a unique experience of peace and enjoyment for visitors.


Suggested Activities

Visiting Shalmash Waterfall provides a unique opportunity to enjoy pristine and beautiful nature. This section details various activities you can engage in to make your experience more enjoyable and memorable.



Photography is one of the most popular activities when visiting Shalmash Waterfall. The pristine and natural landscapes, including the waterfall streams, beautiful rocks, and diverse vegetation, offer exceptional opportunities to capture beautiful moments. Here are some tips for better photography:

Proper Lighting: The best time for photography is early morning or late afternoon when the sunlight is softer and creates attractive shadows.

Using a Tripod: Given the flowing water and the possibility of slipping, using a tripod can help you take higher-quality photos.

Appropriate Lens: Wide-angle lenses are useful for capturing expansive landscapes, while macro lenses are great for capturing small details like plants and insects.



Picnicking in the pristine nature around Shalmash Waterfall can be a delightful and memorable experience. Consider the following for an enjoyable picnic:

Food and Drinks: Bring a variety of sandwiches, fruits, fresh vegetables, and cool beverages.

Ground Cover: Bring a suitable ground cover for sitting and resting in nature.

Cleanliness: Be sure to collect your trash and avoid leaving litter in nature to help preserve the environment of this beautiful area.

Temporary Shelter: If possible, bring a small tent or canopy to protect against the sun or rain.

By engaging in these activities, visitors can enhance their experience and create lasting memories while enjoying the natural beauty of Shalmash Waterfall.

Shalmash Waterfall

Hiking and Trekking

The Sardasht area and the surroundings of Shalmash Waterfall offer numerous hiking and trekking trails that you can take advantage of:

Marked Trails: There are marked trails and guide signs in the area that you can use for better navigation.

Varied Difficulty Levels: The region has hiking and trekking routes with varying levels of difficulty, from simple and short paths to more challenging and longer ones.

Proper Equipment: Be sure to wear suitable hiking shoes and comfortable, durable clothing. It is also recommended to carry a small backpack for water, food, and essential items.

Local Guides: If you prefer, you can use local guides who are fully familiar with the area to have a better experience of navigating the trails.

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Swimming in the cool waters of the Zab River, which originates from Shalmash Waterfall, is one of the most enjoyable activities during the summer. To ensure a safe and pleasant experience, observe the following:

Safety Tips: Due to the strong water currents and variable depth of the river, swim with utmost caution. Avoid deep areas and strong currents.

Swimming Gear: Bring swimwear, swimming goggles, and a towel. Using a life jacket is also recommended, especially for children and those who are not proficient swimmers.

Weather Conditions:  Check the weather conditions before swimming. Avoid swimming in case of adverse weather conditions.


Travel Planning

For better travel planning to Shalmash Waterfall, you can use the services of travel tours. These tours usually include a local guide, complete information about the routes and accessibility, as well as accommodation and recreational facilities. However, if you prefer to travel independently, it is best to gather complete information about the routes and conditions of the area in advance.

Shalmash Waterfall

Accommodation Suggestions

Near Shalmash Waterfall and the city of Sardasht, there are various accommodations available. These include hotels, guesthouses, and rural homes, each offering a different experience based on their facilities and services. If you are looking for a more authentic experience that is closer to the local culture, staying in rural homes can be a suitable option.


Important Tips

Visiting Shalmash Waterfall requires adherence to certain tips that will help you have a safe and enjoyable trip. Some of these tips include:

Suitable Clothing: Due to the mountainous nature of the area and the possibility of sudden weather changes, it is best to bring warm and appropriate mountain clothing.

Proper Footwear: The access path to the waterfall may be slippery and uneven, so wearing suitable hiking or walking shoes is essential.

Water and Food: Be sure to bring enough water and food. Food sales facilities are limited around the waterfall.

Caution on the Path: Exercise caution when navigating stairs and ladders to avoid any accidents.

Cleanliness: Preserving the cleanliness of the environment and preventing pollution is the responsibility of every visitor. Please collect your trash and dispose of it in designated areas.

Weather Check: Check the weather conditions before traveling to Shalmash Waterfall. During rainy or cold seasons, access to some parts of the waterfall may be difficult.

Nature Protection: Remember that the pristine nature of this area is a trust in our hands. Avoid littering and do not harm the plants and animals.

Local Culture: Respecting the culture and customs of the local people is important. Friendly and polite interaction with the locals will enhance your travel experience.


Final Words

Shalmash Waterfall, with its unique beauty and pristine nature, is one of the scenic attractions of West Azerbaijan Province and Iran. Visiting this waterfall will not only be a delightful and relaxing experience but also an opportunity to connect more closely with nature and discover its beauty. By following safety tips and preserving the environment, you can fully enjoy your trip to this area and create unforgettable memories.



1- Where is Shalmash Waterfall located?

Shalmash Waterfall is located in West Azerbaijan Province, 15 kilometers from the city of Sardasht. This waterfall is situated in the Bask Koloseh rural district, near the village of Shalmash.


2- What is the Best Season to Visit Shalmash Waterfall?

The best seasons to visit Shalmash Waterfall are spring and summer. During these times, the waterfall is at its fullest, and the weather in the area is very pleasant and cool.


3- Is Visiting Shalmash Waterfall Suitable for Everyone?

Visiting Shalmash Waterfall is suitable for the general public, but due to the rocky paths and stairs, individuals with mobility issues may face challenges. It is recommended to wear appropriate shoes and exercise caution on the trail.

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